Go to all blogs

Optmyzr May 21, 2013

Manas Garg

Co-founder & CTO

A lesson in MySql indexing

So we have this table that has over 20 million rows of data, storing stats. The general structure of the table is like this:

ItemId (varchar) | GroupID (varchar) | Stat1 (float) | Stat2 (float) | … StatN

There is an index on ItemId + GroupId. When issuing queries, I observed that they would take very very long – upto 100 seconds. The queries were simple and looked like this:

SELECT * FROM TABLE WHERE ItemId=123456789 AND GroupId=987654321

After banging my head with different partitioning, query styles, I had almost decided that I need to upgrade the server (it was a micro instance on Amazon EC2 after all, and the CPU used to spike when the query was issued).

Then it struck me. I changed the query to this, and the query times came down to 0.2 seconds!

SELECT * FROM TABLE WHERE ItemId=’123456789’ AND GroupId=’987654321’

Got it? The columns are varchar, but the parameters I was supplying were ints, and that would cause a manual type casting of each value (over 40 million values), and then non-indexed search. No wonder it was so slow.

One of those days 🙂 Though I think the query optmyzr should probably try to typecast the parameter instead of the table columns.


Manas Garg

Co-founder & CTO


Take control of PPC and save time with our PPC expert's toolkit.

You Might Also Like...

Jul 30, 2013 Keywords Optmyzr
First Page Bridger: Mind the (bid) gap!
When keywords don’t appear on the first page of search results, you’re losing out on a lot of potential traffic.

Geetanjali Tyagi

Co-founder & COO